OHC Publications

2023 - 2024

The business year Oman 2024: "Long journey ahead"

The 2024 edition of The Business Year celebrates a decade of documenting Oman’s socioeconomic transformation, emphasizing digitalization and environmental sustainability. Produced with the Ministry of Commerce, Industry, and Investment Promotion, it features over 100 interviews with leaders highlighting Oman’s ambitions to become the world’s hydrogen capital and its strategic focus on ICT. Key figures discuss the nation’s efforts to foster a diversified, future-proof economy, supported by rising foreign direct investment and a robust non-oil sector. Oman’s political stability and business-friendly policies, along with its unique cultural authenticity, position it as a leading investment and tourism destination.

The Oman Hydrogen Centre plays a pivotal role in this transition by researching and developing hydrogen technologies aligned with Oman’s Vision 2040. Its work on establishing dedicated land allocation for hydrogen production positions Oman as a frontrunner in the MENA region. Sausan Al Riyami, Director of the Centre, explains, “The creation of a dedicated body for hydrogen land allocation, separate from existing government or private sectors, is a noteworthy lesson.

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Thermal and Mechanical Investigations of (Bi, Pb)-2212 Superconductor Added with Different Oxide Nanoparticles

The current study reports the synthesis of nano-(CdO)x/Bi1.6Pb0.4Sr1.9Ca1.1Cu2.1Oy, nano-(Cd0.95Mn0.05O)x/Bi1.6Pb0.4Sr1.9Ca1.1Cu2.1Oy, and nano (Cd0.95Fe0.05O)x/Bi1.6Pb0.4Sr1.9Ca1.1Cu2.1Oy composites, with x = 0.00, 0.01, 0.02, 0.05, and 0.10 wt. %, respectively, using the classical solid-state reaction technique. X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) confirmed the formation of an orthorhombic structure of the (Bi, Pb)-2212 as the major phase. 

The investigation of the mechanical properties using Vicker’s microhardness measurements has revealed that CdFeO addition outperformed CdO and Manganese doped Cadmium Oxide (CdMnO) addition in improving the parameters of E, Y, K, and B, which display better ductility and an enhanced capacity to resist indentation fractures and facilitate (Bi-2212) manufactured in the form of round wires that can be used in high magnetic field magnets superconducting powerlines reducing the power transmission losses, and hence enhancement of the efficiency of green hydrogen production. 

Read more: https://www.astm.org/mpc20230046.html

Authors: Matar, M. , Basma, H.*, Abbas, S. , Awad, R.

Enhancement of the physico-mechanical properties of La-doped Mg–Ni–Co tri-ferrites

This research explores how adding Lanthanum (La) affects tri magnesium-nickel-cobalt ferrites (Mg-Ni-Co ferrites). The physical properties of tri ferrites with different La concentrations were studied. The Structural characterization via XRD and TEM showed that La doping increased the crystal lattice size and decreased the size of individual crystals. The XPS measurements revealed the migration of Fe3+ ions from octahedral to tetrahedral sites matching with Mossbauer results. This caused an enhancement of the magnetic properties of the ferrites. 

The investigation of elasticity moduli obtained from FTIR spectroscopy as well as Vickers microhardness measurements has shown an enhancement upon La doping elasticity and making them potentially useful for industrial applications. 

Read more: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10854-024-11999-6. 

Authors: A. M. Abdallah*, Mariam Rabaa, H. Basma, Z. Bitar, N. Yaacoub, R. Sayed Hassan & R. Awad 

The Potential of Hydrogen Transition for Ports in the Sultanate Oman

This exploratory document provides a comprehensive view of the advanced capabilities of our three deep-water ports of Duqm, Sohar and Salalah to achieve our decarbonization targets and act as forward logistical operating bases for worldwide clean energy transport. With their ideal locations, our ports are prime regional and global candidates to become vital hydrogen logistics hubs, and later fully fledged hydrogen valleys. In Oman, this outlook is the first publication released on hydrogen transition to signal the Sultanate’s readiness to kick off production initiatives and make a contribution to the world supply of renewable We showcase all the advantages Oman has to offer to become a vital presence in the new market and harness its geographic location, geopolitical advantages, and a recognized credibility.

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Authors: Cornelius Matthes, Chiara Aruffo, Dr. Sausan Al-Riyami